Everything You Need to Know About Monkeypox, And Why It’s Not a Cause For Fear

Currently affecting countries such as the Central African Republic and Nigeria, monkeypox discovered almost half a century ago is still unknown. What do you need to know about this disease that resurfaces quite rarely?

Monkeypox (or monkeypox) “is a rare viral zoonosis that is observed mainly in remote areas of central and west Africa, near tropical rainforests,” according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

Similar to human smallpox eradicated in 1980, monkeypox – also known as “monkeypox” – was discovered in the late 1950s in monkeys in captivity in Denmark. The first human case was discovered in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and many cases were described in West Africa during two major epidemics between 1971 and 1980 (41 patients) and in 1986 (338 patients).

Several outbreaks of infection have been detected in the Central African Republic in Nigeria since 2013. A press release reports new cases in the Central African Republic in October 2018. In parallel, another publication evokes the situation in Nigeria, where the number of cases since the beginning of the year would be 86.

Infection results from direct contact with the blood, body fluids, or rashes of infected animals such as monkeys and some rodents (such as squirrels). The latter represents the reservoirs of the virus. Human-to-human transmission – secondary transmission – can be through direct contact with excretions from the infected respiratory tract. This may also be the case about contact with the skin lesions of an infected person, or with contaminated objects.

Symptoms are characterized by generalized vesicular rashes, fever and pain related to swelling of the jaws. Let us also mention the fact that this is a self-limiting disease, that is, it resolves itself.